All You Need to Know About Diabetes

Haseeb Khan
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All You Need to Know About Diabetes


Diabetes is a serious concern all over the world. They are a silent killer disease that can affect the human body slowly. Diabetes can cause kidney failure, heart disease, high blood pressure, damage to the eyes, and damage to the nerves. Diabetes can occur when the sugar level in your body is not stable or is too high. According to research, the majority of people in the world have diabetes, and one-third have prediabetes.

What are the types of diabetes

1Prediabetes:

This stage occurs before stage 2 and the body's sugar levels are not stable. The sugar level is higher than normal.

 2. Type 1 diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children, teenagers, and people younger than 30 years old. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin.

3. Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 diabetes is the most common, affecting mostly adults and not children.In this type, the human body does not make proper insulin, which is required. The type 2 is mostly spread all over the world.

 Prediabetes

All You Need to Know About Diabetes


Prediabetes is a condition that occurs when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal.In other words, it may be higher than normal.

Symptoms of Pre-Diabetes

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss, even if eating more
  • Frequent urination

Symptoms in men

The general symptoms of diabetes may include the following:

  • a decrease in sex power
  • poor muscle strength

Symptoms in women

The woman can have symptoms such as:

  • vaginal dryness
  • dry, itchy skin

 How Do Doctors Diagnose Prediabetes

There are four ways to diagnose prediabetes.

v  A standard blood glucose test

  A1C blood test

   Fasting Blood Glucose Test

  Oral glucose Oral test

Does diabetes cause complications

  • Hypertension
  • Stroke
  • Kidney damage
  • Eye damage
  • Skin infections
  • Sleep apnea
  • Diabetes rash

 

How to treat diabetes

Type 1 diabetes: If you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, then you have to take insulin because your pancreas does not work properly and does not make proper insulin.

Type 2 diabetes: If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you have to take some medication to stabilise your pancreas and blood sugar level. There are some people with type 2 diabetes who take insulin, too.

Healthy balanced diet for diabetes

All You Need to Know About Diabetes


Healthy carbohydrates

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes, such as beans and peas,
  • Low-fat dairy products, such as milk and cheese

Fiber-rich foods

  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Legumes, such as beans and peas,
  • Whole grains

Heart-healthy fish

Fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which may prevent heart disease.

Good fats

  • Avocados
  • Nuts
  • Canola, olive, and peanut oils

Healthy Lifestyle for Diabetes Patients

Diabetic patients benefit from a healthy lifestyle. They keep our blood sugar levels in a normal range. In this way, they are protected from different diseases. Here are some suggestions for a healthy lifestyle.

  • Planning meals
  • Walk daily for 30 minutes.
  • Different exercises for 15 minutes at least six days a week
  • Losing weight if you’re overweight
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Quitting smoke
  • Manage your stress.
  • Reduce alcohol
  • Managing your blood pressure and cholesterol

 

 

 

 

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